Mongolia: Prioritized solutions to close the water gap: Hydro-economic analysis on the coal mining regions in Mongolia’s Gobi desert
Economic development in Mongolia puts a strain on the water resources in areas where demand for water requires large water supplies. Hence, in some cases, water is not only a limiting factor for economic growth and development, but also an opportunity. The focus of this analysis lies in the coal mining regions Tavan Tolgoi and Nyalga Shivee Ovoo, in which many investments in coal value-adding technologies are planned. This study assesses the water demand-supply gap by 2040 in each region and prioritizes implementable solutions to close the gap to allow for sustainable economic development.